Often preschoolers see many colours around them and as adults, we name it for them thinking the job is done and now they know this/that colour. This is not true as for children to develop the concept of colours, they need to be supported to recognize and match different objects of the same colour and finally name it.
The colour matching board is a helpful play material which you can easily create at home. It allows children to learn to name different colours as they play with it.
Children in the age group of 2 – 5 years
What do you need?
A colour matching board
Steps to make a colour matching board
One thing to keep in mind while making a colour matching board is to keep the shape constant. This is because we want children to observe and recognise the various colours in front of them and not be distracted by different shapes. This will become clearer after going through the steps for making a colour-matching board given below.
- Take a thick chart paper and cut out a square-shaped sheet ( 30 cm x 30 cm )
- Divide the square-shaped sheet into 4 columns and 4 rows using a pencil and ruler. This will give you 16 smaller square-boxes in front of you.
- In each square-box draw as big a circle as possible. Remember all the circles in all the square-boxes should be of the same size.
- Colour the circles with 4 different colours (red, blue, green and yellow) in such a manner that every row has one circle of each colour. If your child is already familiar with any of these 4 colours, use a different colour that you would like your child to recognize.
- You would have 16 circles in front of you, 4 of red, 4 of blue, 4 of green and 4 of yellow scattered all over the board. Refer to the picture below.
- Now, from the remaining chart paper, cut out 16 circles in a size slightly smaller than the circles on the board. (0.5 cm smaller in radius).
- Again, colour 4 of the circles red, 4 circles blue, 4 circles green and 4 circles yellow.
The colour matching board is ready!
How to play?
- When first introducing the colour-matching board, sit next to the child at their level and place the board in front.
- Now place all the cut-out circles in a bowl and place it next to the colour matching board.
- Engage the child in a conversation. Tell that you’ve made the board for him (her) and that playing with it is going to be fun. Why is this important? This would motivate the child to look forward to the activity that YOU have put in so much effort to come up with.
- Next, illustrate the activity for the child to understand what it is all about. You take out one cut-out circle from the bowl and match it with the circle that is of the same colour. Let the child see you do it. You must provide verbal cues such as “So I am going to take this colour. Let me see which one here on the board matches with this colour. Oh, this one”.
- Then place the cut-out circle on top of the circle that it goes with.
- Then, tell the child the name of the colour that you just matched.
- Finally, encourage the child to match all the cut-outs with the circles on the board.
- As the child is engaged in matching, ask if he (she) knows the name of the colours.
- Tell the child the name of the colours that are being matched.
Something to keep in mind
It is not necessary that the child will learn the name of all the 4 colours that you just introduced. Let your child play with the board again and again. Initially, the child may only match the colours and listen to you as you name them. Gradually, your little one will learn to name all the colours on the board without your prompts.
Try a variation
After playing with the colour matching board a number of times, your child will finally be able to name the colours. If the child loses interest, you can make another colour-matching board with different colours.
To make it more complex, you may increase the number of colours by increasing the number of rows and columns. For example, you can have 5 or 6 rows and columns, and subsequently, 5-6 different colours to match for the child.
As you may have already heard, the best way for children to learn is by ‘doing’ and the colour matching board paves way for the same.
How did you and your family do on this activity? Did your child enjoy it? What did she/he say?
Help us improve and tell us more about activities that parents may find helpful. We look forward to your suggestions!
This article is in a series of preschool activities that have been published by Team BestOfSchools for preschool-aged children that parents can easily perform at home.
Follow us so that you don’t miss out on the next one!